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EU programme for education, training, youth and sport

An assessment of the inclusiveness of Erasmus+ International Credit Mobility

A study analysing the barriers hindering the mobility of students from disadvantaged backgrounds in Partner Countries under Erasmus+ International Credit Mobility.

It analyses the current state of play and provides proposals to improve the inclusiveness of international credit mobility for the Erasmus+ Programme 2021-2027.

Geographical scope

  • 21 countries neighbouring the EU
  • Southern Mediterranean countries (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, and Tunisia)
  • the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, and Montenegro)
  • the Eastern Partnership (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine)


  • carried out by the SPHERE consortium (Support and Promotion for Higher Education Reform Experts)
  • involved consultations with national ministries, national Erasmus+ offices, higher education institutions and students in Partner Countries, and with Erasmus+ national agencies and higher education institutions in Programme Countries